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International Corpus of English (ICE)

ICE-East Africa


In the multilingual Kenyan context, which has an estimated 40 indigenous languages, English and Kiswahili are co-official languages. English is used in the business sector, in parliamentary debates and politics, education, the civil service, the legal system, the armed forces, the police, and the media, as well as in international communication.  Population: 29 million.

Tanzania has an estimated 100 indigenous languages, but Kiswahili is the main official language. English is widely used in areas such as banking, tourism, commerce, the media, and in post-primary education. It is also the language of international communication. Population: 32 million.

Hancock, I.F. & R. Angogo (1994) English in East Africa. In Burchfield, R.W. (ed.) The Cambridge History of the English Language. Vol. 5. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp.306-323.
Schmied, J. (1991) English in Africa: An Introduction. London: Longman.
Schmied, J. (1991) National and subnational features of Kenyan English. In Cheshire, J. (ed.) English Around the World: Sociolinguistic Perspectives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp.420-434.


Online Newspapers 

East Africa Standard
Africa Online

Online Radio Stations

Africa FM

Weiterführende Informationen


The East African component of ICE includes data from Kenya and Tanzania. The corpus was first released in lexical form in 1999. Release 1 is available on CDROM as part of the ICAME Collection of English Language Corpora (2nd edn).


Release 2 (2002)  includes  a version for use with Wordsmith and full documentation.



Professor Dr Josef Schmied 
English Language & Linguistics 
Technische Universität 
P.O. Box 964 
D-09009 Chemnitz 




Dr. Diana Hudson-Ettle 
Universität Bayreuth 
D-95440 Bayreuth 



Project website