ICE-East Africa

In the multilingual Kenyan context, which has an estimated 40 indigenous languages, English and Kiswahili are co-official languages. English is used in the business sector, in parliamentary debates and politics, education, the civil service, the legal system, the armed forces, the police, and the media, as well as in international communication.  Population: 29 million.

Tanzania has an estimated 100 indigenous languages, but Kiswahili is the main official language. English is widely used in areas such as banking, tourism, commerce, the media, and in post-primary education. It is also the language of international communication. Population: 32 million.

Hancock, I.F. & R. Angogo (1994) English in East Africa. In Burchfield, R.W. (ed.) The Cambridge History of the English Language. Vol. 5. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp.306-323.
Schmied, J. (1991) English in Africa: An Introduction. London: Longman.
Schmied, J. (1991) National and subnational features of Kenyan English. In Cheshire, J. (ed.) English Around the World: Sociolinguistic Perspectives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp.420-434.


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East Africa Standard
Africa Online

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