In linguistic terms, standard Jamaican English occupies a position in between native new Englishes (eg. New Zealand, Canada) and official or second-language varieties (eg. India, Singapore). The standard variety has emerged on the basis of a British colonial past, a strong American influence in the present, and a vibrant local linguistic heritage. Population: c.2.6 million.

Holm, J. A. English in the Caribbean. In  Burchfield, R.W. (ed.) The Cambridge History of the English Language Vol. 5. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 328-381
Lawton, D.L. (1984) English in the Caribbean. In  Bailey, R.W. and M. Görlach (eds) English as a World Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp.251-280.


Online Newspapers

Jamaica Gleaner
Jamaica Observer
Online Radio Stations
Radio Jamaica