After independence from Britain, the status of English began to be re-defined, and from the late 1960s onwards the national language Bahasa Malaysia replaced English as the dominant language of government and education. McArthur (1992) estimates that at least 20% of the population understand English. The informal variety of Malaysian English is known as 'Manglish'. Population: c.23 million.

Platt, J. & W. Weber (1980) English in Singapore and Malaysia: Status, Features, Functions. Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University Press.


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