English has been spoken in Malta since 1800, when the
islands became a British protectorate prior to their
incorporation into the British Empire. Independence was
granted in 1964. Today, English and Maltese are co-official
languages. Maltese is a Semitic language which has borrowed
phonological and morphosyntactic features from Italian and
Sicilian; loanwords stem mainly from these Romance languages
and English. The majority of the population speak both Maltese
and English; code-switching between the two languages is
widespread. Italian is also spoken by many.
c.400,000 on the three inhabited islands Malta, Gozo and
L. and Vassallo, M. 2006. Living Languages in
Malta. Malta: IT Printing.
Vella, A. 1994. Prosodic
structure and intonation in Maltese and its influence on
Maltese English . Ph.D. Thesis, University of Edinburgh.
Camillieri, A. 1992. The
Sociolinguistic Status of English in Malta. Edinburgh
Working Papers in Linguistics; n3, pp. 14-24.
Gabriella. 1993. English in Malta. English
World-Wide 14, pp. 171-208.
Gabriella. 1992. "A chapter in the worldwide spread
of English: Malta", in Rissanen, M., O. Ihalainen, T.
Nevalainen, I. Taavitsainen (eds.) History of Englishes -
New Methods and Interpretations in Historical
Linguistics. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. pp.