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International Corpus of English (ICE)



English is the official language in the Philippines, alongside the national language Filipino. It is estimated that around 65% of the 76 million population know English (McArthur 1992). The command of English varies from individual to individual, from superficial knowledge to near-native proficiency. Philippine English is very widely used in such domains as government, law, education, newspapers, electronic media, music, entertainment, and Philippine literature. Population: 76.5 million.

Bautista, M.L.S. (ed.) (1997) English is an Asian Language: The Philippine Context. Manila: The Macquarie Library.
Gonzalez, A. (1985) Studies on Philippine English. Occasional paper 39, SEAMEO Regional Language Centre, Singapore.


Online Newspapers

Philippine Star
Manila Bulletin
The Manila Times
Philippine Daily Inquirer
Online Radio Stations
Vanguard Radio Network

Weiterführende Informationen


The Philippines component of ICE is based at De La Salle University, Manila, and at the Tokyo University of Foreing studies in Japan.  


Ariane Macalinga Borlongan, Ph.D., LPT, FRSA

Lecturer in Sociolinguistics

School of Language and Culture Studies

Tokyo University of Foreign Studies


Room 651, Research and Lecture Building,

3-11-1 Asahi-cho, Fuchu, Tokyo 183-8534, Japan