English is the official language in the Philippines, alongside the national language Filipino. It is estimated that around 65% of the 76 million population know English (McArthur 1992). The command of English varies from individual to individual, from superficial knowledge to near-native proficiency. Philippine English is very widely used in such domains as government, law, education, newspapers, electronic media, music, entertainment, and Philippine literature. Population: 76.5 million.

Bautista, M.L.S. (ed.) (1997) English is an Asian Language: The Philippine Context. Manila: The Macquarie Library.
Gonzalez, A. (1985) Studies on Philippine English. Occasional paper 39, SEAMEO Regional Language Centre, Singapore.


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