ICE-South Africa

English is one of the eleven official languages in South Africa, with around 9% of the population claiming English as a first language, 15% Afrikaans, and 75% African languages, notably one of the Bantu languages. English is widely used in the government, education, business, and the media. Recently, South African English has been gaining recognition as an autonomous variety. There are a number of dictionaries of South African English, including Silva (1996). The population is currently 44 million.

Branford, W. (1994) English in South Africa. In Burchfield, R.W. (ed.) The Cambridge History of the English Language Vol. 5. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 430-496.
Silva, P. (1997) The lexis of South African English: Reflections of a multilingual society. In Schneider, E. W. (ed.) Englishes around the world, 2: pp.159-176. Amsterdam: Benjamins.


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