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International Corpus of English (ICE)

ICE-Sri Lanka


The Constitution of Sri Lanka specifies in its section on 'official languages' that Sinhala and Tamil are the 'national languages' of Sri Lanka, while English is labelled a 'link language'. English is used by many Sri Lankans as their second language. There is also a small group of L1 speakers of English in Sri Lanka. As Mesthrie and Bhatt (2008: 200) point out, "Sri Lankan English is not simply 'English in Sri Lanka', but a variety with a certain regional and social identity."
Population: c. 23 million.

Bernaisch, Tobias (2012) Attitudes Towards Englishes in Sri Lanka. World Englishes 31(3), 279-291.
Mendis, D. & H. Rambukwella (2010) Sri Lankan Englishes. In Kirkpatrick, A. (ed.) The Routledge Handbook of World Englishes. London: Routledge, pp. 181-196.
Mesthrie, R. & Bhatt, R. M. (2008) World Englishes: The Study of New Linguistic Varieties. Cambridge: CUP.
Mukherjee, Joybrato (2012) English in South Asia - Ambinormative Orientations and the Role of Corpora: The State of the Debate in Sri Lanka. In Kirkpatrick, A. & Roland Sussex (eds.) English as an International Language in Asia: Implications for Language Education. New York : Springer, 191-208.
Mukherjee, J. Schilk, M. & T. Bernaisch (2010) Compiling the Sri Lankan component of ICE: principles, problems, prospects. ICAME Journal 34: 64-77.


Online Newspapers

Daily News
The Island
Online Radio Stations 
Sirasa Radio
TNL 101.7-Sri Lank

Weiterführende Informationen


The Sri Lankan component of ICE is  
based at the University of Giessen, Germany.



Professor Dr Joybrato Mukherjee
Department of English
University of Giessen



Dr Tobias Bernaisch
Justus Liebig University Giessen


Dilini Algama
Justus Liebig University Giessen


Dr Dushyanthi Mendis 
Department of English
University of Colombo
Colombo 03
Sri Lanka